Data security refers to the ability to protect data by taking the necessary measures to obtain effective protection and legality, and make data continues to be safe. Unlike network security, the core of data security is to ensure the safety of data and legitimate or orderly flow. Currently, data is a new type of production factor, is deeply influenced by the development of national economic society. Data security security is direct embodiments in national competitiveness. Data security is an important aspect of national security. It is also an important issue that promotes the healthy development of digital economy and enhances national governance capabilities.

First, data security capacity is direct embodiment of national competitiveness. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the first meeting of the Central Network Safety and Informational Leading Group. “The information resources are increasingly become important signs of important production factors and social wealth. Improve the importance of improving national competitiveness. As a new type of production factor, the data has promoted the development of digital infrastructure and its iteration upgrades, making digital economy into new engines in my country’s economic high quality development. At the same time, as big data is widely used in governance, national governance ability and governance level have also been effectively improved. Data has long been self-evident for national development. Whether it can always ensure that data is a positive factor to help economic and social development, avoiding the security hidden dangers due to data security issues, is an important concern for national data security. Data security capacity is an important premise of ensuring data development advantages and is also a direct embodiment of national competitiveness. Focusing on data security capacity building, “13th Five-Year Plan” clearly proposes to strengthen information security and speed up data resource security protection layout. If you build big data management systems, implement data classification grading management, strengthen data resources in the safety protection of all links such as acquisition, storage, application, and open, strengthen public data resources and personal data protection. In recent years, my country has accelerated the legislative work in the field of data security, and has issued the implementation of the “People’s Republic of China Network Safety Law” “People’s Republic of China Data Safety Law (Draft)” ). At present, some major economies in the world have released data strategies to develop digital economics, protect data security as the core, such as the European Universal Data Protection Ordinance (2018), “EU Data Strategy” (2020), USA “Federal Data Strategy and 2020 Action Plan” (2019), “Data Strategy” (2020), etc. Data security capacity is becoming the main ability of national development digital economy and maintaining data security. Many countries are actively conducting legislative and strategic planning in data security fields, and data security capacity has also become an important indicator for evaluating high competitiveness.

Second, data protection and security are important aspects of national security. In 2015, the State Council issued the “Outline of Promoting the Development of Big Data Development”, proposed an important judgment of “data has become a national basic strategic resource”. In 2016, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the network security and information work symposium, “To strengthen the management of big data according to law. Some data related to national interests, national security, and many of the hands in the Internet, enterprises must guarantee these Data Security”. In 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized in the second collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, “To effectively protect national data security.” Data security is closely related to national security, protecting data security This task is increasingly urgent with the surge in data. According to relevant data, 2018-2025, the annual average annual growth rate of China’s total data will reach 30%, exceeding the global average; 2025, China Data Circle will increase to 48.6ZB, accounting for 27.8% of the total data of global data Be a largest data circle in the world. As data volume surges and data cross-border flows are increasingly frequent, powerful data security protection and liquidity supervision will become an important guarantee for national security. The data is closely related to the country’s economic operation, social governance, public service, national defense safety, etc., some personal privacy information, corporate operation data, and national key data flow, will cause personal information exposure, corporate core data or even national information The leaks bring a variety of hidden dangers to national security. In addition, cross-border attacks with data-based targets are increasingly frequent, and there is a new form of multinational crimes in challenge sovereignty national security. my country is highly attached great importance to data security. The “Data Safety Law of the People’s Republic of China” in July 2020 clearly clarified the legal responsibility of data security, in order to protect data security, better promote data development and utilization, and protect citizens. The legitimate rights and interests of the organization, as well as maintenance of national sovereignty, safety and development interests, etc. The Party’s 19th Five-CPC Plenary Session reviewed the “Suggestions on the Development of the National Economic and Social Development of the National Economic and Social Development” and the Suggestions on the Development of the National Economic and Social Development, ” National data security and strengthen personal information protection. China’s highly reviewing data security issues from national strategies, which will be placed in the important position of the current development and future construction, and data security has become an important part of national security. Third, data security is the basis for the healthy development of digital economy. With the acceleration of the new round of scientific revolution and industrial change, the digital economy provides new kinetic energy for economic development of various countries, and has become a new highland of competition in the world. Under the impact of new crown pneumonia epidemic, the world economy is falling into downturn, traditional commerce and international trade have suffered great blow, ensuring the healthy development of digital economy. The healthy development of the world’s economic recovery is significant. At present, my country’s digital economy has received new development space and deeply integrates into various fields of the national economy. For example, live broadcast, online games, online education and online office, etc., rapid growth, digital economy shows the powerful driving effect of domestic demand, expanding consumption, and promotes the recovery and growth of my country’s economy. According to the national statistical bureau data, in the first three quarters of my country in the first three quarters, GDP has increased by 0.7% year-on-year, while the size of the information consumption reached 3.6 trillion, a year-on-year increase of 6.5%, effectively pulled the economic gain. The digital economy not only helped the economic recovery, but also gave birth to new opportunities, creating new jobs and personal development opportunities to ensure the normal operation of economic and social situation. Data security is the key in the process of digital economy. In addition to the security of the data itself, legal compliance use of data is also an important part of data security. Abuse data or data monopoly, use data is not legally compliant, will greatly weaken the development of digital economy. Therefore, how to further protect data security and its legitimate ordered flow will become the focus of my country’s digital governance. In February 202, the Anti-monopoly Committee of the State Council has issued the “Anti-monopoly Guide on the Anti-monopoly Committee of the State Council”, which mentioned the security and legal use of data, which is to prevent and stop the platform economic field monopoly behavior. Guide the platform of the management of the platform economy in accordance with the law, and promote the continued health development of the online economy. Data security is the foundation of digital economic development. We must ensure that data security and its legitimate or orderly flow, promote the continued flourishing of digital economy with data-based key elements.